By: Sayed Hamidullah Mussawyan
Nowadays, sustainable development is regarded as the most
Afghanistan and china are two neighboring countries in the region that have 76 km joint border and have a long history of relations with together, but their formal and diplomatic relations have been established in 1955.
Every country makes foreign policy to answer its national needs and goals and acquire national interests. In the past, Afghanistan’s foreign policy framework was not clear, but during Hamid Karzai presidency after 2001, foreign policy was defined in three circle of neighboring countries and region
: In modern international politics, the state’s foreign policy is highly measured by its ability and power to maintain its interests within a remarkably complex and challenging international system.
Washington wants to overview its foreign policy with Central Asia following the withdrawal of foreign troops from Afghanistan. After September 11 attacks on the American soil in 2001 and the subsequent invasion of Afghanistan by the United States, the US foreign policy for Central Asian countries had direct impact on the war in Afghanistan, during this time, the US needed Central Asian countries cooperation for transiting logistics to its troops being deployed in Afghanistan and the current war there helped boosting cooperation between the US and the Central Asian countries.
The Central Asia region is highly dependent on current surface water resources due to its location in the water-scarce part of the Asia continent. All the rivers in this region flow in two separate routes, the Amu Darya and the Serdarya, both of them flow into the Aral catchment area.
After the independence of Central Asian countries, European Union (EU) made relationship with these countries and supported free market economic system instead of communism in this particular geographical area. For the first time, EU appointed special representative to Central Asia and has organized many assistance and supportive programs for Central Asia
This article seeks to examine concisely cultural relations between Afghanistan and Uzbekistan at twentieth century in such a way to discuss the key points and evants which had impressed on the strengthening of ties and inform reader about the basic and gradual stages of development this relationship during mentioned period of time and be a guide for those who are interested to conduct further investigation on this topic.
A Gwadar and Chabahar port in Pakistan and Iran closes the regional countries particularly India and China to Middle East’s energy. Furthermore; Chabahar port connects the India to Afghanistan and Central Asian markets. According to Geo political and Geo Economic perspectives, these ports are so important because of their strategic locations in the world. Given the competitive and divergent views of the countries in the region, including India-China and India-Pakistan against each other, the result of growth and development of these ports will increase rivalry in the region