Reflection of sustainable development goals in Afghanistan constitution

Sat, Oct 30 2021 9:59 PM

By: Sayed Hamidullah Mussawyan


Nowadays, sustainable development is regarded as the most important problem in developmental literature, which was initially explored in the 1970s and is still being debated in several sectors. As a result, developmental theorists working on this area, addressing this content among the newest topics of development ology have a significant capacity for excellence and refinement.

Today, the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are a significant indicator for assessing a country's status, and many international agencies evaluate how the SDGs are reached using specialized methods and produce a report on each country's progress on an annual basis.

The constitution of Afghanistan, which was adopted by the people's representatives in the Loya Jirga in 2003 in a partly democratic atmosphere, which is often referred to as one of the most advanced constitutions, focuses on the sustainable development goal and legislators have tried to develop the provisions of the constitution in line with the progress and developments of the modern world. Thus, it includes binding provisions on social justice and citizen equality, basic needs, the principle of the appropriate use of natural resources, environmental protection and ecosystem degradation, job creation and forced labor prevention, public education, and acceptance of cultural diversity. Legislators have attempted to develop the constitution's provisions in favor of citizens. On the contrary, implementing the rule of law for all individuals remains a difficulty that has proven ineffective in accomplishing sustainable development goals.